Should Teachers Be Trained Differently In Order To Teach Dyslexic Students Vs Mainstream Education?
Teachers are the crucial point to unlocking the learning potential of all students; dyslexia is not different at all. A teacher must be trained and qualified in how to accurately identify who are struggling with written language and how to effectively teach reading and spelling to all children.
What Teaching Instruction Is Appropriate?
Individuals with dyslexia or a related difference require explicit, direct and systematic instruction in both oral and written language. There is a very popular teaching style call Multisensory Structured Language includes of scientific reading research but goes one step further with the addition of the multisensory component.
What Is Multisensory Teaching Program?
Multisensory techniques are frequently used for students with dyslexia and related differences. Research has indicated that all learners learn and remember best when learning is multisensory. Multisensory teaching techniques and strategies stimulate learning by engaging students on multiple levels. They encourage students to use some or all of their senses.
The multisensory component is what makes MSL differ to other traditional reading and spelling programs. Given below are different MSL instructions. These are:
Explicit Instruction: The teachers must directly teach the alphabetical principle
Systematic Instruction: In this case, the teaching process has a definite logical sequence of concept introduction, ordered from simple to more complex.
Structured and Multisensory: Structured and Multisensory delivery of language content is characteristics of effective instruction.
Flexible: Since dyslexia occurs on a continuum a specialized teaching approach is best rather than a program or method which does not allow flexibility.
Diagnostic Teaching Process: The teacher continually assesses their student’s ability to understand and apply learned concepts. If it is discovered that a previously taught concept is confused it is re-taught. Now, individuals with dyslexia may require instruction of greater intensity and duration than typically developing readers and writers as well.
Visual Recognition Instruction Is Required:
Irregular words are estimated to make up 10% of the English language. Many of those words occur in early reading experience. Now irregular words need to be taught directly and explicitly.
The big five and effective reading instruction needs to be implemented by a trained teacher and include:
Phonics (synthetic) No experimental/mish-mash phonics!
Accuracy and Fluency
As well as writing and spelling.
A Multisensory Structured Language Approach contains all the above elements