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Is ADHD A Component Of Auditory Processing Delay?

Auditory processing delay is also known as central auditory processing delay or CAPD. This is a learning difference that makes it difficult for students to recognize subtle differences between sounds in words. Usually, it affects their processing of verbal information (example./ taking notes in a class lecture).

However, children with APD typically have normal hearing, but they struggle to process and make meaning of sounds of words and information given verbally. This is especially true when there are background noises. Individuals with APD can have the trouble making sense of what other people say. There are many learning differences, including ADHD, that can affect a child’s ability to listen and understand what they hear. What makes the APD different is that the problem lies with understanding the sounds of spoken language.

Given below is a systematic chart that shows the differences and similarities of APD and ADHD.

1.Auditory Processing Disorder:

What is it?

A brain based condition that makes it hard to process what the ear hears, such as recognizing subtle differences in the sounds that make up words. The APD impacts the language related skills, such as receptive and expensive language.

Behavioral Signs That You May Notice:

  • Tuning out the given information due to not understanding what’s being said.
  • Presenting as forgetfulness
  • Struggling to follow conversations and respond to spoken questions
  • Frequently asks people to repeat what they have said, often with normal words.
  • Difficulties with rhyming.
  • Inability to speak clearly; confusion with similar sounds (such as three instead of free.)
  • Struggles with different activities that involve listening and comprehension
  • 2.ADHD (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder):

    What is it?

    This is a brain based difference that makes it really hard for the individuals to pay attention and stay confused. They may also be impulsive, hyperactive and have trouble with self control. Individuals with ADHD often struggle with executive functioning, including working memory. They may also have the trouble managing emotions.

    Behavioral Signs That You May Notice:

    • Tuning out due to inattention
    • Presenting as forgetfulness
    • Struggling to focus during conversation and when responding to spoken questions
    • Difficulty following directions
    • Organization and task focus inconsistencies
    • Struggling to sit still during the quiet activities (restlessness due to hyperactivity)
    • Being easily distracted by surrounding activity
    • Knowing the signs and symptoms of both APD and ADHD, as well as how they coexist, may aid in finding the right tools and strategies to support and help a student in academic success. It is also helpful to know what each difference may exhibit to ensure that an individual suspected of a particular learning difference is not misdiagnosed. Finding the properly qualified neuropsychologist is necessary to obtain this correct diagnosis, along with the appropriate accommodations to be administered in the necessary academic instances.